NANO LETTERS,Yuekun Yang,Xudong Wang,Chen Wang,Yuxin Song,Miao Zhang,Zhongying Xue,Shumin Wang,Zhongyunshen Zhu,Guanyu Liu,Panlin Li,Linxi Dong,Yongfeng Mei,Paul K.Chu,Weida Hu,Jianlu Wang,Zengfeng Di
GeSn offers a reduced bandgap than Ge and has been utilized in Si-based infrared photodetectors with an extended cutoff wavelength. However, the traditional GeSn/Ge heterostructure usually consists of defects like misfit dislocations due to the lattice mismatch issue. The defects with the large feature size of a photodetector fabricated on bulk GeSn/Ge heterostructures induce a considerable dark current. Here, we demonstrate a flexible GeSn/Ge dual-nanowire (NW) structure, in which the strain relaxation is achieved by the elastic deformation without introducing defects, and the feature dimension is naturally at the nanoscale. A photodetector with a low dark current can be built on a GeSn/Ge dual-NW, which exhibits an extended detection wavelength beyond 2 μm and enhanced responsivity compared to the Ge NW. Moreover, the dark current can be further suppressed by the depletion effect from the ferroelectric polymer side gate...
NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, Pengfei Jia, Wenjing Chen, Jiabin Qiao, Miao Zhang, Xiaohu Zheng, Zhongying Xue, Rongda Liang, Chuanshan Tian, Lin He, Zengfeng Di & Xi Wang
Graphene nanobubbles (GNBs) have attracted much attention due to the ability to generate large pseudo-magnetic fields unattainable by ordinary laboratory magnets. However, GNBs are always randomly produced by the reported protocols, therefore, their size and location are difficult to manipulate, which restricts their potential applications. Here, using the functional atomic force microscopy (AFM), we demonstrate the ability to form programmable GNBs. The precision of AFM facilitates the location definition of GNBs, and their size and shape are tuned by the stimulus bias of AFM tip. With tuning the tip voltage, the bubble contour can gradually transit from parabolic to Gaussian profile. Moreover, the unique three-fold symmetric pseudo-magnetic field pattern with monotonous regularity, which is only theoretically predicted previously, is directly observed in the GNB with an approximately parabolic profile. Our study may provide...
NANO LETTERS, Wu, Aimin; Li, Hao; Du, Junjie; Ni, Xingjie; Ye, Ziliang; Wang, Yuan; Sheng, Zhen; Zou, Shichang; Gan, Fuwan; Zhang, Xiang; Wang, Xi
Controlling an optical beam is fundamental in optics. Recently, unique manipulation of optical wavefronts has been successfully demonstrated by metasurfaces. However, the artificially engineered nanostructures have thus far been limited to operate on light beams propagating out-of-plane. The in-plane operation is critical for on-chip photonic applications. Here, we demonstrate an anomalous negative-angle refraction of a light beam propagating along the plane, by designing a thin dielectric array of silicon nanoposts. The circularly polarized dipoles induced by the high-permittivity nanoposts at the scattering resonance significantly shape the wavefront of the light beam and bend it anomalously. The unique capability of a thin line of the nanoposts for manipulating in-plane wavefronts makes the device extremely compact.
NANO LETTERS, Dai,Jiayun;Wang,Danxia;Zhang,Miao;Niu,Tianchao;Li,Ang;Ye,Mao;Qiao,Shan;Ding,Guqiao;Xie,Xiaoming;Wang,Yongqiang; Chu,PaulK.;Yuan,Qinghong;Di,Zengfeng; Wang,Xi;Ding,Feng;Yakobson,Boris I.
The unidirectional alignment of graphene islands is essential to the synthesis of wafer-scale single-crystal graphene on Ge (110) surface, but the underlying mechanism is not well-understood. Here we report that the necessary co-alignment of the nucleating graphene islands on Ge (110) surface caused by the presence of step pattern; we show that on the preannealed Ge (110) textureless surface the graphene islands appear non-preferentially orientated, while on the Ge(110) surfaces with natural step pattern, all graphene islands emerge co-aligned. First-principles calculations and theoretical analysis reveal this different alignment behaviors originate from the strong chemical binding formed between the graphene island edges and the atomic steps on the Ge (110) surface, and the lattice matching at the edge-step interface dictates the alignment of graphene islands with the armchair direction of graphene along the [-110] direction of the Ge(110) substrate.